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Doctrine of the Kingship
I. The Pre-king plan for a King.
A. Long before Saul, Israel was promised to have kings all the way back to Abraham.
Gen. 17:15 ¶ God also said to Abraham, “As for Sarai your wife, you are no longer to call her Sarai; her name will be Sarah.
Gen. 17:16 I will bless her and will surely give you a son by her. I will bless her so that she will be the mother of nations; kings of peoples will come from her.”
II. Jacob’s Oracle
A. The predictions what will become of his sons. In vs. 7, he begins to speak of Judah.
Gen. 49:8 ¶ “Judah, your brothers will praise you;
your hand will be on the neck of your enemies;
your father’s sons will bow down to you.
Gen. 49:9 ¶ You are a lion’s cub, O Judah;
you return from the prey, my son.
¶ Like a lion he crouches and lies down,
like a lioness—who dares to rouse him?
Gen. 49:10 ¶ The scepter will not depart from Judah,
nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet,
until he comes to whom it belongs
and the obedience of the nations is his.
C. Comment -Judah becomes the kingly tribe.
Long before a king came along, Moses introduced legislation regarding the King (Deut. 17:14-20).
Long before Saul become the first king, kings were always in the plan for Israel.
1. The theocracy of Israel was always going to be ruled by a king
(Gen. 49:10;Deut. 17:14-20; Num. 24:7,17).
2. A legitimate king would be elected by God (Deut. 17:15). David is one of the finest examples of this (2 Sam. 7:8).
3. The king was to be anointed by a prophet, which was the outward sign of election. It indicated a special relationship between God and the king. The was God’s man—to rule over his people and insure that the covenant was properly administered.
4. This unction of anointing also included power from God, namely a special power from the Spirit came to rest on the anointed one to enable him to rule over God’s people. The Spirit of the Lord came upon David and departed from Saul (1 Sam. 16:13,14).
5. Rulers in the ancient world were frequently honored with additional titles. David received a few (2 Sam. 23:1) but the highest title he was called was the “Son of God.” This title was given to him when he was crowned (Ps. 2:7). We see this title used in the Royal
Psalms. Unlike pagan kings, who were claimed to be divine with this title, David was not. He was declared so (Ps. 2:7).
6. The line of kings from David were also called God’s son, meaning that they not only had a special relationship with God but that they were to be disciplined when they got out of line (2 Sam. 7:14 cf. 1 Chron. 28:7).
So the King played an important role and as such the major events in his life were celebrated by the people.