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Doctrine of Melchizedek

Doctrine of Melchizedek

I. First appearance of Melchizedek

Gen. 14:18 ¶ Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. He was priest of God Most High,
Gen. 14:19 and he blessed Abram, saying,
¶ “Blessed be Abram by God Most High,
Creator of heaven and earth.
Gen. 14:20 ¶ And blessed be God Most High,
who delivered your enemies into your hand.”
Then Abram gave him a tenth of everything.

II. The name Melchizedek

q®dRx_yI;kVlAm Malki-tsedeq

Malki—my king or a proper name
tsedeq—right, righteous

My king is righteous or My king is Zedek or Malki is righteous.

Heb. 7:2 and Abraham gave him a tenth of everything. First, his name means “king of righteousness”; then also, “king of Salem” means “king of peace.”

JKRlRm —melek —king

MElDv shalem — vb. be complete, make whole
be at peace

Arabic— be safe, be submissive partic. Muslim
Infinitive– Islam
–be safe, secure,
III. Melchizedek as Priest
A. He was a legitimate priest who worshipped the Most High God— El Elyon. A title often used in the Psalms (9:2;21:7;46:4 etc.).
B. This is long before the Levitical priesthood in Israel. There were those outside of Abram’s line who worshipped God.
C. He blessed Abraham by the Most High God—a divine name for God (Gen. 14:19).
D. He blessed the Most High God who had delivered Abram’s enemies in Abram’s hands. He worshipped the true God (Gen. 14:20).
E. Then we see Abram respond by giving a tithe offering to the priest— a quite proper response by both men who follow the same God —El Elyon.

IV. Uniqueness as a Priest
A. There is no mention of parents, his genealogy, as the author of Hebrews says “without genealogy” (Heb. 7:3). One of the key qualifications of being a priest was genealogy. Melchizedek had none. That makes him unique as a priest.
B. There is also no record of his death—unusual for a major character of importance in Scripture, but nevertheless, a purpose behind this also— Christ continues on as the High Priest.

V. The “order of Melchizedek.”
A. It is outside the Levitical priesthood—and also superior to the Levitical priesthood—signified by Abram giving Melchizedek tithes and Melchizedek blessing Abram.
B. David also shows this priesthood superior to that of the Levites by supervising them (1 Chron. 6:11; 15:11-16 etc.).
C. Though superior, he did not have the right to act in the Levitical priesthood’s place or do their duties when it came to the covenant (2 Chron. 26:16-18).
D. It is one man with a dual office of priest-king. As the priest-king over the theocracy of God, he had both spiritual and state authority.
E. This is the “order of priesthood” of the Davidic King (Ps110) including Jesus Christ (Heb. 6:20).

VI. Christ in the order of Melchizedek

A. Scripture
Heb. 6:20 where Jesus, who went before us (into the inner sanctuary), has entered on our behalf. He has become a high priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek.
Heb. 7:1 ¶ This Melchizedek was king of Salem and priest of God Most High. He met Abraham returning from the defeat of the kings and blessed him,
Heb. 7:2 and Abraham gave him a tenth of everything. First, his name means “king of righteousness”; then also, “king of Salem” means “king of peace.”
Heb. 7:3 Without father or mother, without genealogy, without beginning of days or end of life, like the Son of God he remains a priest forever.
Heb. 7:4 ¶ Just think how great he was: Even the patriarch Abraham gave him a tenth of the plunder!
Heb. 7:5 Now the law requires the descendants of Levi who become priests to collect a tenth from the people—that is, their brothers—even though their brothers are descended from Abraham.
Heb. 7:6 This man, however, did not trace his descent from Levi, yet he collected a tenth from Abraham and blessed him who had the promises.
Heb. 7:7 And without doubt the lesser person is blessed by the greater.
Heb. 7:8 In the one case, the tenth is collected by men who die; but in the other case, by him who is declared to be living.
Heb. 7:9 One might even say that Levi, who collects the tenth, paid the tenth through Abraham,
Heb. 7:10 because when Melchizedek met Abraham, Levi was still in the body of his ancestor.

B. Application
1. David a man of God, a king and a prophet.
2. Believers are presently priest-kings and will be in the Kingdom of God. Believers serve God, give offerings of praise, worship and sacrificial giving.

C. Then Jesus —King, Prophet and High Priest in the order of Melchizedek (Heb. 5:10).