Doctrine of Reconciliation
7/2/2016

I. Introduction and Definition
A. Within the major doctrine category of Soteriology, the study of salvation.
B. Reconciliation: A recovery of relationship between two parties, from a broken relationship to one of harmony or peace.
C. Theological definition: After a breakdown of relationship between man and God through one man’s sin, resulting in enmity between God and man, God provides through the sacrifice of his Son, the removal of this enmity, making it possible for individuals to recover that relationship through faith in Christ.
D. Greek
1. n. katallage —restoration of a broken relationship (Rom. 5:11).
2. v. katallasso —change of hostility to a friendly relationship (Rom. 5:10)

II. Problem
A. Mankind in his present relationship toward God.
1. Mankind is both alienated and hostile toward God.

Col. 1:21 And although you were formerly alienated and hostile in mind, engaged in evil deeds,
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2. Man is helpless in that he cannot help himself in this condition (Rom. 5:6).
3. Man is a sinner (Rom. 5:8).
4. Man is an enemy of God (Rom. 5:10).
5. Man deserves God’s wrath (Rom. 5:9).
B. There is enmity between God and man (Eph. 2:16).

_________ GOD____________

EMINITY WRATH = ALIENATION
_____________________________

MAN/WORLD

III. The Solution is Reconciliation
A. God provides a solution by reconciling the world to himself in Christ.

2Cor. 5:18 All this is from God, who reconciled us to himself through Christ and gave us the ministry of reconciliation:
2Cor. 5:19 that God was reconciling the world to himself in Christ, not counting men’s sins against them. And he has committed to us the message of reconciliation.
2Cor. 5:20 We are therefore Christ’s ambassadors, as though God were making his appeal through us. We implore you on Christ’s behalf: Be reconciled to God.

B. God removes the issue of sin through having Christ die for the sins of the world.

John 1:29 The next day he saw Jesus coming to him and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world! NAS95

1John 2:2 and He Himself is the propitiation for our sins; and not for ours only, but also for those of the whole world. NAS95

2Cor. 5:19 that God was reconciling the world to himself in Christ, not counting men’s sins against them. And he has committed to us the message of reconciliation.
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Col. 1:22 yet He has now reconciled you in His fleshly body through death, in order to present you before Him holy and blameless and beyond reproach —
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C. God abolishes the enmity between God and man and provides peace, a reconciliation between God and man.

Eph. 2:16 and might reconcile them both [Jew and Gentile] in one body to God through the cross, by it having put to death the enmity. NAS95

put to death—meta. extinguish, abolish

D. God saves man from the inevitable wrath of God through pouring our deserved punishment on his own Son.

Is. 53:4 Surely he took up our infirmities
and carried our sorrows,
yet we considered him stricken by God,
smitten by him, and afflicted.
Is. 53:5 But he was pierced for our transgressions,
he was crushed for our iniquities;
the punishment that brought us peace was upon him,
and by his wounds we are healed.
Is. 53:6 We all, like sheep, have gone astray,
each of us has turned to his own way;
and the Lord has laid on him
the iniquity of us all.
Is. 53:7 He was oppressed and afflicted,
yet he did not open his mouth;
he was led like a lamb to the slaughter,
and as a sheep before her shearers is silent,
so he did not open his mouth.
NIV11

Rom. 5:9 Much more then, having now been justified by His blood, we shall be saved from the wrath of God.

E. It is through Christ’s spiritual death (symbolized by his blood) on the cross that reconciliation was made possible.

Col. 1:20 and through Him [Christ] to reconcile all things to Himself [God], having made peace through the blood of His cross; through Him, I say, whether things on earth or things in heaven. NAS95

Eph. 2:16 and might reconcile them both [Jew and Gentile] in one body to God through the cross, by it having put to death the enmity. NAS95

Rom. 5:6 For while we were still helpless, at the right time Christ died for the ungodly.

Rom. 5:8 But God demonstrates his own love for us, in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.

GOD
/
/
ACCESS BY WRATH ON THOSE WHO
FAITH IN CHRIST REJECT CHRIST
NO WRATH /
MAN/WORLD

IV. Though God’s justice is satisfied with Christ’s death, God’s motive was love for his human creatures.

Rom. 5:8 But God demonstrates his own love for us, in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.

John 3:16 “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life. NAS95

V. Justification by faith in Christ, precedes one’s personal reconciliation or peace with God.

Rom. 5:1 Therefore, having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ,

VI. We now have access by faith to the realm of grace, that is established in the place of God’s favor, looking forward to our hope of the future.

Rom. 5:2 through whom (Christ) we have also obtained access by faith into (the realm of) this grace in which we stand, and we exult in the (confident) hope of the (future) glory of God (sharing in Christlikeness).

VII. The Solution is Appropriated by Individual Faith in Christ.

Romans 5:1 Therefore, having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ,

John 3:36 “He who believes in the Son has eternal life; but he who does not obey the Son will not see life, but the wrath of God [continuously] abides on him.”

Rom. 2:5 But because of your hardness and unrepentant heart, you are storing up wrath for yourself in the day of wrath, and revelation of the righteous judgment of God,
Rom. 2:6 “who will render each according to his works:”

It is the unrepentant heart that brings on wrath.

VIII. To Accept the Solution and Believe in the Lord Jesus Christ Results in Salvation from Wrath

Rom. 5:9 Much more then, having now been justified by His blood, we shall be saved from the wrath of God.

Rom. 5:10 For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to God through the death of his Son, how much more, [the believer] having been reconciled, shall we be saved [from wrath] by his life?

Rom. 5:11 And not only this, but we also exult in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received the reconciliation.

IX. To Reject the Solution by not Believing in the Lord Jesus Christ results in the Wrath of God being poured out on the Unbeliever.

John 3:36 “He who believes in the Son has eternal life; but he who does not obey the Son will not see life, but the wrath of God abides on him.”
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Eph. 5:6 Let no one deceive you with empty words, for because of these things the wrath of God comes upon the sons of disobedience.
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Col. 3:6 For it is because of these things that the wrath of God will come upon the sons of disobedience,
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