Doctrine of the Baptism with the Holy Spirit

I. Definition:
A. The Holy Spirit comes to indwell the body of the Christian at the moment he believes in Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior (Rom. 8:9).

B. At that same moment, the Holy Spirit takes the believer and baptizes him into the body of Christ (1 Cor. 12:13).

II. The predicted coming of the Holy Spirit.

A. The Holy Spirit is predicted to come with the New Covenant.
The New Covenant is described in Jer. 31:31-34

Jer. 31:31 ¶ “The time (days) is coming,” declares the LORD, “when I will make a new covenant
with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah.
Jer. 31:32 ¶ It will not be like the (old Mosaic) covenant
I made with their forefathers when I took them by the hand to lead them out of Egypt, because they broke my covenant, though I was a husband to them,’” declares the LORD.
Jer. 31:33 ¶ “This is the covenant I will make with the house of Israel after that time,” declares the LORD.
¶ “I will put my law in their minds and write it on their hearts (internally). ¶ I will be their God, and they will be my people.
Jer. 31:34 ¶ No longer will a man teach his neighbor,
or a man his brother, saying, ‘Know the LORD,’ because they will all know me, from the least of them to the greatest,” declares the LORD. ¶ “For I will forgive their wickedness and will remember their sins no more.”

Ez. 36 also speaks of the New Covenant and the Spirit:

Ezek. 36:24 ¶ “ ‘For I will take you out of the nations; I will gather you from all the countries and bring you back into your own land.
Ezek. 36:25 I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your impurities and from all your idols.
Ezek. 36:26 I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit in you; I will remove from you your heart of stone and give you a heart of flesh.
Ezek. 36:27 And I will put my Spirit in you and move you to follow my decrees and be careful to keep my laws.
Ezek. 36:28 You will live in the land I gave your forefathers; you will be my people, and I will be your God.

1. They return to the land from out of the nations.
2. They will have a clean heart by turning from sin to Christ in faith.
3. With a new heart and new spirit—they are saved.
4. The Spirit of God, the Holy Spirit lives within them.
5. They will live in the land of Israel, the land given to their forefathers, under the Abrahamic covenant—
6. God will be their God.

This is covenant language.

B. The Holy Spirit was predicted to come with the coming of the Messiah.

1. By John the Baptist

Matt. 3:11 ¶ “I baptize you with water for repentance. But after me will come one who is more powerful than I, whose sandals I am not fit to carry. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and with fire.

Mark 1:8 I baptize you with water, but he will baptize you with the Holy Spirit.”

Luke 3:16 John answered them all, “I baptize you with water. But one more powerful than I will come, the thongs of whose sandals I am not worthy to untie. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and with fire.

John 1:33 I would not have known him, except that the one who sent me to baptize with water told me, ‘The man on whom you see the Spirit come down and remain is he who will baptize with the Holy Spirit.’

2. By Jesus

Acts 1:4 On one occasion, while he was eating with them, he gave them this command: “Do not leave Jerusalem, but wait for the gift my Father promised, which you have heard me speak about.
Acts 1:5 For John baptized with water, but in a few days you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit.”

Acts 1:8 But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth.”

III. The Holy Spirit comes with the New Covenant to indwell and empower every believer.

A. To Jewish believers on the day of Pentecost (Acts 2).

B. To Samaritan believers (Acts 8)

C. To Gentile believers (Acts 10)

D. To Others who had not yet received the baptism with the Holy Spirit (Acts 19).

There was a group who had only heard received John’s Baptism but had not believed in Christ. When they heard about Christ and believed in him, the Holy Spirit came upon them.

E. Once word of the Spirit got around and believers got up to date on the Spirit, the norm would become that the newly converted believer would receive the baptism with the Spirit at the point of salvation (Rom. 8:9).

IV. The Holy Spirit coming to empower and indwell equals believers being baptized with the Holy Spirit.

Peter reports to the Jerusalem church what happened when the Gentiles became believers in Caesarea.

Acts 11:15 ¶ “As I began to speak, the Holy Spirit came on them as he had come on us at the beginning.
Acts 11:16 Then I remembered what the Lord had said:‘John baptized with water, but you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit.’

These two passages confirm that the coming of the Holy Spirit is equivalent to the baptism with the Holy Spirit.

V. The Baptism with the Holy Spirit, places every believer into the body of Christ (1 Cor. 12:13).

1Cor. 12:13 For we were all baptized by one Spirit into one body—whether Jews or Greeks, slave or free—and we were all given the one Spirit to drink.

VI. There is only one baptism—the baptism with the Holy Spirit that all believers experience.

Eph. 4:4 There is one body and one Spirit—just as you were called to one hope when you were called—
Eph. 4:5 one Lord, one faith, one baptism;
Eph. 4:6 one God and Father of all, who is over all and through all and in all.

VIII. The Baptism with the Spirit places the believer into Union with Christ.

A. In his Union with Christ, the believer shares into the experiences of Christ.

Rom. 6:1 ¶ What shall we say, then? Shall we go on sinning so that grace may increase?
Rom. 6:2 By no means! We died to sin; how can we live in it any longer?
Rom. 6:3 Or don’t you know that all of us who were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death?
Rom. 6:4 We were therefore buried with him through baptism into death in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, we too may live a new life.
Rom. 6:5 ¶ If we have been united with him like this in his death, we will certainly also be united with him in his resurrection.
Rom. 6:6 For we know that our old self was crucified with him so that the body of sin might be done away with, that we should no longer be slaves to sin—
Rom. 6:7 because anyone who has died has been freed from sin.
Rom. 6:8 ¶ Now if we died with Christ, we believe that we will also live with him.
Rom. 6:9 For we know that since Christ was raised from the dead, he cannot die again; death no longer has mastery over him.
Rom. 6:10 The death he died, he died to sin once for all; but the life he lives, he lives to God.

Col. 2:12 having been buried with him in baptism and raised with him through your faith in the power of God, who raised him from the dead.

B. Baptism into Christ results in being like Christ.

Gal. 3:27 For all of you who were baptized into Christ have clothed yourselves with Christ.

The believer takes on the mantle of an adult son when he is saved. In ancient Rome, when a boy reached legal age and became a man, he received the Toga virilis.

The analogy is that the by faith the Christian receives the status of an adult son.