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Doctrine of the Wrath of God

Doctrine of the Wrath of God
6/12/2015 NIV84 unless otherwise noted

I. Introduction
We often think of wrath or anger as being destructive and sinful. This is often true of human wrath. However, God’s wrath is linked to his righteous indignation where there is some violation that offends his holiness and righteousness and that it may (e.g. mercy) be judged. The expression of God’s wrath may take many forms towards individuals with sickness and death or towards nations with famine, sword etc. In the Old Testament, the nature of this wrath relates to life and punishment on earth. In the New Testament, the nature of the wrath includes this Old Testament perspective but sometimes adds an eternal element to it.

II. Towards gross and sinful activity of a people.
A. Sodom and Gomorrah Deut. 29:23 cf. Gen. 19:24-29
B. Other places are called or likened to Sodom and Gomorrah when they show similar sinful and evil traits
Is. 1:9-10;3:9;Is. 13:9; Jer. 23:24;50:40

Deut. 29:23 The whole land will be a burning waste of salt and sulfur—nothing planted, nothing sprouting, no vegetation growing on it. It will be like the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboiim, which the LORD overthrew in fierce anger.

III. Toward Israel when they violate the Mosaic covenant.
A. Disobedience- Lev. 26;Deut. 29:28; 2 Kgs. 22:17;23:
26;2 Chron. 34:25; Jer 7:20;21:5;32:31,37;33:5; 36:7; 44:6; Lam. 4:11; Ezek. 5:13,15; 7:8;13:13; Dan. 9:16; Heb. 4:11 etc.

Lev. 26:15 and if you reject my decrees and abhor my laws and fail to carry out all my commands and so violate my covenant,
Lev. 26:16 then I will do this to you: I will bring upon you sudden terror, wasting diseases and fever that
will destroy your sight and drain away your life. You will plant seed in vain, because your enemies will eat it.
B. Unbelief —Deut. 9:7,8,22; Ps 106:32; Heb. 4:3;

Heb. 4:3 Now we who have believed enter that rest, just as God has said, ¶ “So I declared on oath in my anger, ‘They shall never enter my rest.’” And yet his work has been finished since the creation of the world.

IV. Toward Individuals for their sin
A. Men Ps. 76:10;90:7

Psa. 76:10 Surely your wrath against men brings
you praise, and the survivors of your wrath are restrained.

B. David Ps. 6:1;Ps. 38:1

Psa. 6:1 ¶ O LORD, do not rebuke me in your anger
or discipline me in your wrath.

C. Job’s friends Job 42:7

Job 42:7 ¶ After the LORD had said these things to Job, he said to Eliphaz the Temanite, “I am angry with you and your two friends, because you have not spoken of me what is right, as my servant Job has.

V. Toward other nations as Israel’s Enemies or as nations in general. Ps. 21:9
A. Egypt Jer. 42:18
B. Edom Ezek. 25:14
C. Ninevah representing Assyria Nah. 1:6
D. Kings Ps. 110:5
E. Others. Ezek. 25

VI. In the Day of the Lord associated with the Second Advent. This is a major concept inboth OT and NT.
A. Scripture Is. 2,24-27, 34;Is. 63:3-6; Ezek. 38-39; Zeph. 1:15-18;2:2; Joel 1:15; 2:2; Amos. 5:18;8:9;Rev.6:16-17;11:18; 16:15-19;20:8-9.
B. Zeph. 1:15

Zeph. 1:15 ¶ That day will be a day of wrath,
a day of distress and anguish,
a day of trouble and ruin,
a day of darkness and gloom,
a day of clouds and blackness,
C. Is. 63:1
Setting: The watchman, the man who looks out from the city towers to see if anyone approach. He sees someone coming on a horse with blood on this clothes.

Is. 63:1 Who is this coming from Edom, from Bozrah, with his garments stained crimson?
¶ Who is this, robed in splendor,
striding forward in the greatness of his strength?
“It is I, speaking in righteousness, mighty to save.”
Is. 63:2 ¶ Why are your garments red,
like those of one treading the winepress?
Is. 63:3 ¶ “I have trodden the winepress alone;
from the nations no one was with me.
¶ I trampled them in my anger
and trod them down in my wrath;
their blood spattered my garments,
and I stained all my clothing.
Is. 63:4 ¶ For the day of vengeance was in my heart,
and the year of my redemption has come.
Is. 63:5 ¶ I looked, but there was no one to help,
I was appalled that no one gave support;
so my own arm worked salvation for me,
and my own wrath sustained me.
Is. 63:6 ¶ I trampled the nations in my anger;
in my wrath I made them drunk
and poured their blood on the ground.”

Summary: we have a description of a majestic figure riding a horse, blood on his garments, saying he just had a day of vengeance and the year of redemption has just started.

D. Rev. 14:14
Setting: The description one called the “son of man” beginning to harvest and judge the earth.

Rev. 14:14 ¶ I looked, and there before me was a white cloud, and seated on the cloud was one “like a son of man” with a crown of gold on his head and a sharp sickle in his hand.
Rev. 14:15 Then another angel came out of the temple
and called in a loud voice to him who was sitting on the cloud, “Take your sickle and reap, because the time to reap has come, for the harvest of the earth is ripe.”
Rev. 14:16 So he who was seated on the cloud swung
his sickle over the earth, and the earth was harvested.
Rev. 14:17 ¶ Another angel came out of the temple
in heaven, and he too had a sharp sickle.
Rev. 14:18 Still another angel, who had charge of the
fire, came from the altar and called in a loud voice to him who had the sharp sickle, “Take your sharp sickle and gather the clusters of grapes from the earth’s vine,
because its grapes are ripe.”
Rev. 14:19 The angel swung his sickle on the earth,
gathered its grapes and threw them into the great
winepress of God’s wrath.
Rev. 14:20 They were trampled in the winepress outside the city, and blood flowed out of the press, rising as high as the horses’ bridles for a distance of 1,600 stadia.
Rev. 19:11 ¶ I saw heaven standing open and there before me was a white horse, whose rider is called Faithful and True. With justice he judges and makes war.
Rev. 19:12 His eyes are like blazing fire, and on his head are many crowns. He has a name written on him that no one knows but he himself.
Rev. 19:13 He is dressed in a robe dipped in blood, and his name is the Word of God.
Rev. 19:14 The armies of heaven were following him, riding on white horses and dressed in fine linen, white and clean.
Rev. 19:15 Out of his mouth comes a sharp sword with which to strike down the nations. “He will rule them with an iron scepter.” He treads the winepress of the fury of the wrath of God Almighty.
Rev. 19:16 On his robe and on his thigh he has this name written: KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS.

VII. Present Wrath—New Testament only.

A. Accumulative wrath

Rom. 2:5 ¶ But because of your stubbornness and your unrepentant heart, you are storing up wrath against yourself for the day of God’s wrath, when his righteous judgment will be revealed.

1Th. 2:16 in their effort to keep us from speaking to the Gentiles so that they may be saved. In this way they always heap up their sins to the limit. The wrath of God has come upon them at last.

B. Present

John 3:36 Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life, but whoever rejects the Son will not see life, for God’s wrath remains on him.”

Rom. 1:18 The wrath of God is being revealed from heaven against all the godlessness and wickedness of men who suppress the truth by their wickedness,

Rom. 12:19 Do not take revenge, my friends, but leave room for God’s wrath, for it is written: “It is mine to avenge; I will repay,” says the Lord.

VIII. Future Wrath on unbelievers

A. John the Baptist warned of a coming wrath;

Matt. 3:7 ¶ But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to where he was baptizing, he said to them: “You brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the coming wrath?
Parallel in Luke 3:7

B. Paul writes of coming wrath.

1 Thess. 1:10 and to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead—Jesus, who rescues us out of the coming wrath.

Rom. 5:9;Col. 3:6;Rom. 2:8;Eph. 5:6

IX. Tribulation wrath

A. On unbelieving Israel Luke 21

Luke 21:23 How dreadful it will be in those days for pregnant women and nursing mothers! There will be great distress in the land and wrath against this people.

B. On the unbelieving world

Rev. 16:1 ¶ Then I heard a loud voice from the temple, saying to the seven angels, “Go and pour out on the earth the seven bowls of the wrath of God.”

C. Eternal torment on the beast-followers, that is those who follow the antichrist. Rev.14:10-11

Rev. 14:10 he, too, will drink of the wine of God’s fury, which has been poured full strength into the cup of his wrath. He will be tormented with burning sulfur in the presence of the holy angels and of the Lamb.
Rev. 14:11 And the smoke of their torment rises for ever and ever. There is no rest day or night for those who worship the beast and his image, or for anyone who receives the mark of his name.”

Rev. 6:16 They called to the mountains and the rocks, “Fall on us and hide us from the face of him who sits on the throne and from the wrath of the Lamb!
Rev. 6:17 For the great day of their wrath has come, and who can stand?”

Rev. 11:18 The nations were angry;
and your wrath has come.
The time has come for judging the dead,
and for rewarding your servants the prophets
and your saints and those who reverence your name,
both small and great—
and for destroying those who destroy the earth.”

Rev. 19:15 Out of his mouth comes a sharp sword with which to strike down the nations. “He will rule them with an iron scepter.” He treads the winepress of the fury of the wrath of God Almighty.

X. Final Judgment

Acts 17:31 For he has set a day when he will judge the world with justice by the man he has appointed. He has given proof of this to all men by raising him from the dead.”

Rom. 2:5 ¶ But because of your stubbornness and your unrepentant heart, you are storing up wrath against yourself for the day of God’s wrath, when his righteous judgment will be revealed.

Rom. 8:23 Not only so, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for our adoption as sons, the redemption of our bodies.

Gal. 5:5 But by faith we eagerly await through the Spirit the righteousness for which we hope.
Phil. 3:20 But our citizenship is in heaven. And we eagerly await a Savior from there, the Lord Jesus Christ,

James 5:7 ¶ Be patient, then, brothers, until the Lord’s coming. See how the farmer waits for the land to yield its valuable crop and how patient he is for the autumn and spring rains.
James 5:8 You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near.

Col. 3:6 Because of these, the wrath of God is coming.

XI. The believer is saved from God’s wrath.

Rom. 5:9 ¶ Since we have now been justified by his blood, how much more shall we be saved from God’s wrath through him!

1Th. 1:10 and to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead—Jesus, who rescues us from the coming wrath.