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Doctrine of Trumpets
I. Definition: An wind instrument made of an animal horn like a ram or some metal for the purpose of sending forth a sound usually for some kind of signal.
A. Hebrew words
1. rDpwøv shophar—horn, trumpet
2. h∂rVxOxSj chatsotsrah— trumpet
B. Greek word—sa¿lpigx salpingx —trumpet
II. Usages in Old Testament
A. Ceremonies— Lv. 25:9-year of Jubilee
B. Festivals —Ps. 81:4
C. Signal to praise the Lord —Ps. 98:6;150:3;
D. Assemble for battle —Jer. 4:5
E. Enemy warning —Ezek. 33:3
F. Associated with Theophanies—Ex. 19:16,19;20:18; Zech. 9:14;Heb. 12:19
G. Associated with the day of the Lord and judgment.
Joel 2:1; Zeph. 1:14-16
H. For calling the Israelites home to worship Is. 27:13
III. Usages in the New Testament
A. Call to battle —1 Cor. 14:8
B. Call to judgment —Rev. 8:2 ff.
C. Call for assembly —Matt. 24:31;1Cor. 15:52
D. The Seven trumpet judgments— Rev. 8:6 ff.-10:7 E. The Seventh announces the arrival of the Kingdom of Christ— Rev. 11:15-19
F. A lack of trumpeters in destroyed Babylon— Rev. 18:22
G. Call for a resurrection of the dead—1 Cor. 15:52;
1 Thess. 4:16
1Cor. 15:51 Listen, I tell you a mystery: We will not all sleep, but we will all be changed—
1Cor. 15:52 in a flash, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed.
1Cor. 15:53 For the perishable must clothe itself with the imperishable, and the mortal with immortality.
F. The Son of man sends out his angels with a loud trumpet call—Matt. 24:31
Matt. 24:30 ¶ “At that time the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and all the nations of the earth will mourn. They will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of the sky, with power and great glory.
Matt. 24:31 And he will send his angels with a loud trumpet call, and they will gather his elect from the four winds, from one end of the heavens to the other.
IV. Voices that sound like a trumpet. Both passages use the comparative particle for “as” or “like” in Rev. 1:10; 4:1.
Rev. 1:10 I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s Day and I heard behind me a loud voice like a trumpet,